Patient education is very important in our practice. We welcome your questions before, during, and after your eye exam.

Hyperopia (Farsighted)

  • a condition in which the eyes must exert extra focussing effort to see objects clearly, especially at close distances
  • can cause fatigue, blurred vision, headaches, lack of concentration ad crossed eyes
  • occurs when the length of the eyeball is shorter than average

Myopia (Nearsighted)

  • a condition in which near objects are seen clearly however distant objects appear blurred
  • occurs when the eyeball is longer than average

Astigmatism

  • a condition in which objects appear distorted or blurred, both at distance and near
  • can cause headaches, eyestrain and a head turn to one side
  • occurs when the cornea (front surface of the eye) is not evenly curved and is more oval than round

Presbyopia

  • a natural aging process that results in difficulty focussing on objects up close
  • typically begins around age 40
  • common symptoms are blurred vision, eye fatigue and headaches when attempting to do close work

Cataracts

  • a clouding of the natural crystalline lens
  • typically occurs after age 60
  • common symptoms are blurred vision, film over the eyes, glare and light sensitivities

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a general term for damage to the optic nerve eventually causing tunnel vision similar to looking through a straw.  There are several causes but usually increased eye pressure over 21mm/hg(mercury) is the damaging culprit.  There are several ways to control the pressure but if left unchecked the damage and vision loss is irreversible.  Five Parks Vision and Eye Care has several ways to test, monitor, and treat glaucoma.  We use the OPTOS imagery to monitor the optic nerve head for signs and changes, Visual Field testing, and medication to reduce eye pressure when indicated.  Glaucoma has been called the “silent thief of sight” because the loss of vision often occurs gradually over a long period of time.

  • progressive optic nerve damage and vision loss usually due to an increase in pressure in the eyeball
  • most often there are no signs or symptoms

Macular Degeneration

  • the leading cause of blindness in people over the age of 65
  • an age related degeneration of a delicate part of the retina, the macula
  • symptoms are blurring or distortion of central vision

Dry Eye Syndrome (Ocular Surface Disease)

  • an imbalance in the three layered tear film
  • symptoms can be burning, tearing, redness, foreign body sensation and light sensitivity
joshCommon Eye Conditions & Diseases